Exercise Physiology

Exercise Physiology
The function of the physiological systems and their responses to acute and chronic exercise.
EXSC
463
 Hours3.0 Credit, 3.0 Lecture, 0.0 Lab
 PrerequisitesPDBIO 305; or PDBIO 362
 RecommendedConcurrent enrollment in ExSc 464.
 TaughtFall, Winter, Spring
Course Outcomes

Appreciation for How the Human Body Functions

Describe how the human body functions and maintain homeostasis during the increased metabolic demands of exercise.

Nervous System

Describe the function of sympathetic, parasympathetic, and somatic motor neurons, including differences in structure, neurotransmitters, receptors and efferent organs.

Depolarization of Skeletal Muscle

Describe the depolarization of skeletal muscle beginning at the spinal cord and ending with the contraction of the muscle fiber.

Skeletal Muscle Fiber Types

Describe the anatomical, physiological, and functional differences between the three types of human skeletal muscle fibers.

Cardiovascular System

Describe the normal anatomy and physiology of the heart, blood, and blood vessels; describe the normal function of the cardiovascular system at rest and during exercise.

Transportation and Diffusion of O2 and CO2

Describe the transportation and diffusion of O2 and CO2 through the pulmonary and systemic circuits at rest and during exercise.

Anaerobic and Aerobic Metabolic Pathways

Describe the substrates used, amount and rate of ATP resynthesized, metabolic end products, and control of anaerobic and aerobic metabolic pathways.

System Interaction

Describe the interaction of the nervous, muscle, cardiovascular, pulmonary, and metabolic systems at rest and during exercise.

Adaptation to Physical Conditioning

Describe the responses to acute bouts of exercise and the mechanisms of the observed response, and the physiological adaptations which occur as a result of physical conditioning.

Principles of Physical Conditioning

Describe the physiological rationale for applying the eight principles of physical conditioning to improve health, fitness, and performance.