### Mathematics

Students have a deep understanding of central concepts in elementary school mathematics related to fractions and fraction operations, probability, and early algebraic reasoning; as well as core representations, canonical examples, patterns in children's thinking, and alternative algorithms germane to teaching these concepts.

### Mathematical Activity

Students engage productively in mathematical inquiry, effectively communicate their mathematical ideas and reasoning with their peers, and reflect on the teaching practices modeled in the MthEd 306 classroom to make inferences about teaching practices that help children learn mathematics.

### Mathematical Thinking

Students understand mathematics as a sense-making activity, can solve problems by employing conceptual understanding and mathematical reasoning, and can reflect on their own learning to make inferences about how children experience and understand mathematics.